12-09-2013, 03:19 PM
Germany’s Transparency International (TI) released its annual Corruption Perceptions Index 2013 (http://www.blogger.com/Germany%E2%80%99s%20Transparency%20International%2 0%28TI%29%20released%20its%20annual%20Corruption%2 0Perceptions%20Index%202013%20in%20December.%20%28 1%29%20The%20Index%20is%20based%20upon%20various%2 0reports%20on%20graft%20in%20countries%20around%20 the%20world.%20Iraq%20has%20done%20very%20badly%20 on%20the%20survey%20since%202003%20being%20ranked% 20one%20of%20the%20ten%20most%20corrupt%20nations% 20globally%20for%20the%20last%20eight%20years.%20I n%202013%20it%20fell%20one%20spot%20from%20the%20p revious%20year.%20%20%20Transparency%20Internation al%20uses%20a%20ranking%20system%20to%20determine% 20a%20countries%20place%20on%20its%20Index.%20Each %20is%20given%20a%20score%20of%200%20meaning%20hig hly%20corrupt%20to%20100%20that%20is%20very%20clea n%20based%20upon%20various%20reports%20on%20corrup tion.%20In%202013%2069%%20of%20the%20177%20nations %20included%20had%20a%20score%20below%2050%20showi ng%20a%20serious%20problem%20with%20fraud%20and%20 theft%20globally.%20The%20most%20problematic%20sta tes%20this%20year%20were%20Somalia,%20North%20Kore a,%20Afghanistan%20all%20three%20of%20which%20rece ived%20an%208,%20Sudan%20with%20an%2011,%20and%20S outh%20Sudan%20with%20a%2014.%20Those%20have%20all %20continuously%20been%20towards%20the%20bottom%20 of%20the%20Index%20for%20several%20years%20now%20s howing%20little%20inclination%20to%20tackle%20thei r%20problems.%20%20%2010%20Most%20Corrupt%20Countr ies%20Transparency%20International%20Corruption%20 Index%202013%20%20%28Country%20%E2%80%93%20Score%2 9%201.%20Somalia%208%201.%20North%20Korea%208%201. %20Afghanistan%208%204.%20Sudan%2011%205.%20South% 20Sudan%2014%206.%20Libya%2015%207.%20Iraq%2016%20 8.%20Uzbekistan%2017%208.%20Turkmenistan%2017%208. %20Syria%2017%20%20In%202013%20Iraq%20received%20a %20worse%20score%20and%20moved%20down%20one%20plac e%20from%202012.%20This%20year%20Iraq%20was%20rank ed%20seventh%20from%20the%20bottom%20with%20a%20sc ore%20of%2016.%20Last%20year%20it%20was%20the%208t h%20most%20corrupt%20with%20a%20score%20of%2018.%2 0The%20country%E2%80%99s%20ranking%20has%20fallen% 20since%202003,%20but%20then%20improved%20a%20litt le%20bit%20since%20the%20civil%20war%20ended%20in% 202008,%20but%20not%20enough%20to%20raise%20it%20o ut%20of%20the%20bottom.%20In%202003%20for%20exampl e%20it%20was%20twentieth%20before%20falling%20to%2 0second%20from%202006-2008.%20Then%20it%20climbed%20to%204th%20most%20co rrupt%20in%202009%20and%202010,%20and%20then%20mov ed%20up%20to%208th%20in%202011%20and%202012.%20The %20Integrity%20Commission%20one%20of%20the%20main% 20anti-corruption%20bodies%20in%20Iraq%20criticized%20TI% 20for%20using%20sources%20outside%20of%20the%20cou ntry%20and%20ignoring%20its%20appeal%20to%20improv e%20its%20score%20after%20a%20meeting%20with%20the %20organization%20in%20Berlin%20before%20the%20lat est%20report%20was%20issued.%20%283%29%20The%20Com mission%20claimed%20that%20it%20was%20complying%20 with%20the%20United%20Nations%20Convention%20Again st%20Corruption,%20and%20had%20transparent%20contr acts%20with%20oil%20companies%20that%20should%20ha ve%20given%20it%20a%20better%20standing.%20It%20al so%20stated%20that%20TI%20used%2013%20reports%20to %20rank%20other%20countries,%20but%20only%203%20wh en%20it%20came%20to%20Iraq.%20The%20Commission%20d oesn%E2%80%99t%20have%20much%20to%20talk%20about%2 0however.%20As%20Stuart%20Bowen%20the%20Special%20 Inspector%20General%20for%20Iraq%20Reconstruction% 20pointed%20out,%20corruption%20has%20not%20only%2 0become%20institutionalized,%20but%20is%20used%20a s%20a%20means%20to%20govern%20amongst%20the%20ruli ng%20parties.%20%284%29%20The%20anti-corruption%20agencies%20are%20also%20ineffective.% 20The%20Inspector%20Generals%20have%20no%20real%20 authority%20since%20they%20have%20to%20go%20throug h%20each%20minister%20to%20move%20any%20cases%20fo rward,%20and%20Prime%20Minister%20Nouri%20al-Maliki%20has%20attempted%20to%20control%20them.%20 %285%29%20The%20Integrity%20Commission%20%286%29%2 0and%20Board%20of%20Supreme%20Audit%20%287%29%20th at%20covers%20the%20government%E2%80%99s%20books%2 0have%20strong%20constraints%20upon%20their%20work ,%20have%20not%20been%20successful%20charging%20an y%20top%20officials%20they%20have%20investigated,% 20and%20the%20prime%20minister%20has%20tried%20to% 20take%20over%20both.%20Finally%20the%20judiciary% 20has%20not%20been%20able%20to%20maintain%20its%20 independence,%20and%20therefore%20has%20consistent ly%20failed%20to%20prosecute%20graft%20cases.%20%2 88%29%20Finally,%20Maliki%20has%20used%20corruptio n%20charges%20to%20take%20on%20his%20opponents%20a nd%20assert%20authority%20over%20independent%20ins titutions.%20%289%29%20Given%20that%20background%2 0it%20is%20no%20wonder%20that%20Iraq%20has%20consi stently%20done%20so%20badly%20on%20Transparency%20 International%E2%80%99s%20Index.%20%20%20Iraq%E2%8 0%99s%20Ranking%20On%20Corruption%20Index%202003-2013%202003%20#20%202004%20#17%202005%20#22%202006 %20#2%202007%20#2%202008%20tied%20#2%202009%20tied %20#4%202010%20#4%202011%20tied%20#8%202012%20#8%2 02013%20#7%20%20Even%20when%20compared%20to%20the% 20rest%20of%20the%20Middle%20East%20and%20North%20 Africa%20%28MENA%29%20Iraq%20did%20not%20do%20well .%20The%20region%20received%20a%20mix%20of%20score s%20with%20a%20few%20doing%20good,%20a%20couple%20 in%20the%20middle,%20and%20the%20rest%20in%20the%2 0bottom%20third.%20The%20United%20Arab%20Emirates% 20and%20Qatar%20were%20at%20the%20top%20with%20sco res%20of%2069%20and%2068%20respectively.%20Then%20 there%20was%20Saudi%20Arabia,%20Jordan,%20Kuwait,% 20and%20Tunisia%20with%20scores%20in%20the%2040s,% 20followed%20by%20Morocco,%2037,%20Algeria,%2036,% 20Egypt,%2032,%20Lebanon,%2028,%20Iran,%2025,%20Ye men,%2018,%20and%20Syria%2017.%20Iraq%20was%20seco nd%20from%20last%20with%20only%20Libya,%2015,%20do ing%20worse.%20That%20meant%2084%%20of%20the%20MEN A%20nations%20had%20a%20score%20below%2050.%20Whil e%20Iraq%20did%20badly%20most%20of%20the%20region% 20has%20not%20successfully%20dealt%20corruption%20 either.%20%20%20Middle%20East%20and%20North%20Afri ca%20Scores%20On%20Corruption%20Index%202013%20Uni ted%20Arab%20Emirates%2069%20Qatar%2068%20Saudi%20 Arabia%2046%20Jordan%2045%20Kuwait%2043%20Tunisia% 2041%20Morocco%2037%20Algeria%2036%20Egypt%2032%20 Lebanon%2028%20Iran%2025%20Yemen%2018%20Syria%2017 %20Iraq%2016%20Libya%2015%20%20Iraq%20has%20gone%2 0through%20three%20phases%20of%20corruption%20over %20the%20last%20several%20decades.%20The%20Special %20Inspector%20General%20for%20Iraq%20Reconstructi on%20called%20the%20first%20period%20controlled%20 corruption%20under%20Saddam%20where%20the%20regime %20regulated%20and%20manipulated%20graft%20mostly% 20for%20its%20own%20benefit%20to%20get%20around%20 international%20sanctions.%20The%20second%20was%20 uncontrolled%20corruption,%20which%20happened%20af ter%20the%202003%20invasion%20where%20everyone%20f rom%20government%20officials%20to%20contractors%20 to%20foreigners%20was%20trying%20to%20steal%20as%2 0much%20as%20they%20could.%20The%20current%20stage %20is%20where%20the%20political%20parties%20manage %20the%20corruption%20to%20enrich%20themselves%20a nd%20make%20sure%20that%20each%20member%20of%20the %20government%20benefits.%20There%20is%20no%20seri ous%20effort%20to%20solve%20the%20rampant%20thieve ry%20as%20a%20result.%20Until%20the%20ruling%20eli te%20start%20thinking%20about%20the%20welfare%20of %20the%20country%20and%20not%20themselves%20this%2 0situation%20will%20continue%20and%20Iraq%20will%2 0remain%20at%20the%20bottom%20of%20the%20corruptio n%20index.%20%20%20SOURCES%20%20Aldhargam,%20Ali,% 20%E2%80%9CIntegrity:%20TI%20report%20is%20inaccur ate%20and%20relied%20on%20the%20outskirts%20lacks% 20many%20of%20the%20facts,%E2%80%9D%20Buratha%20Ne ws,%2012/5/13%20%20Transparency%20International,%20%E2%80%9CC orruption%20Perceptions%20Index%202013,%E2%80%9D%2 0December%202013%20http://cpi.transparency.org/cpi2013/) in December. The Index is based upon various reports on graft in countries around the world. Iraq has done very badly on the survey since 2003 being ranked one of the ten most corrupt nations globally for the last eight years. In 2013 it fell one spot from the previous year.