After emerging from Chapter VII. Iraq on the cusp of a new future despite its crises and events area

24/06/2013 : | Hits: 9



Long live Iraq these days if the historic moments out of international sanctions imposed for more than 23 years, under Chapter VII of the UN Security Council following the invasion of the deposed regime of Kuwait in 1990.

Chapter VII consists of 13 articles, resolution 678 of 1990 proposal to eject Iraq from Kuwait by force, the terms of this chapter, Iraq remains under it, because several issues remained outstanding, such as the remains of Kuwaiti prisoners in Iraq, Kuwaiti property, including archives of the Amiri Diwan, Crown Court, the issue of environmental compensation and oil, not only for the State of Kuwait, but other Arab countries

The companies claim that they still have some rights. It seems that the Governments of the two countries are closer than ever to ending backlog and pending files and one we inherited from the previous regime through mutual visits of officials and show good faith in resolving differences and look to the future and were first steps to resolve outstanding issues after the final settlement of the issue of the Iraqi Airways after Kuwait was signed by Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah on 23 October 2012 issued a decree to approve financial settlement, following the signing of the two sides on a final settlement for Iraq to pay the $500 million As a final compensation to Kuwait Airways as Ministry of transport announced on 17 June of the current agreement with Kuwait on aviation propulsion (30) flights per week between the two countries.

The border problem

The move followed the direction of the two countries to resolve the problems relating to border and declared Kuwait and UN Mission in Iraq (UNAMI) at the end of March 2013, solve the problem of the demarcation of the land boundary with Iraq permanently after removing abuses and obstacles to maintaining boundary markers in the Umm Qasr border with Basra province. on 28 May last visited Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari Kuwait signed with KuwaitThere two memorandums of understanding on arrangements for the maintenance of the material designation and funding construction of a residential complex in the area [Umm Qasr].

it was Zebari signed with the Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations and head of [us] in Iraq Martin Kobler in 26 of last may in Baghdad, the extradition agreement the amount of compensation established by the Security Council in its resolution No. 904 of 1994 to compensate farmers whose farms as a result of the demarcation of the boundary between Iraq and Kuwait during the period 1991-1994 Followed by another step close to a modern city residential building in Umm Qasr to House Iraqi families affected for the same reason.

The problem of navigation and oil fields

The Iraqi Government approved the liner on the 30 of January of this year an agreement with Kuwait concerning the regulation of navigation on the Khawr Abd Allah, overlooking the Gulf, after a long political controversy between the two countries for more than two years.

The Kuwaiti Foreign Ministry revealed on 15 June near the current adoption of a memorandum of understanding with Iraq about joint oil fields between the two countries. He said the Kuwaiti Foreign Ministry Undersecretary Khaled Al-Jarallah on joint development of oil fields in a press statement: that a note prepared and will soon be adopted in the two countries in oil operations in the light of this note.

Evolution in the relations

Relations between Iraq and Kuwait described positive developments over the past months, to finish the outstanding issues between the two countries, Iraq's output of international sanctions imposed in section VII, by the UN Security Council, the most recent visit of the Kuwaiti delegation to Iraq on 12 of June of the current Prime Minister Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah and the signing of six agreements and memorandums of understanding, will pave to exit Iraq from international sanctions, according to observers.

This was confirmed by the Foreign Ministers of the two countries during the visit of the Kuwaiti delegation to Baghdad, Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari said at a joint press conference with his Kuwaiti counterpart Sabah Al-Khaled Al-Sabah: an important day, the Permanent Representative of Kuwait to the United Nations in Iraq this together to deliver United Nations Secretary-General [Ki] and the Security Council on the implementation of the Iraq messages to its obligations towards Iraq out of Chapter VII and this progress came after arduous talks effort and thorny is not easy ...

But with the cooperation of the parties and goodwill and we shared a lot of outstanding issues, particularly the maintenance of border markers created by faculty and that the issue of Kuwaiti prisoners and the lost property will be issued by the Security Council resolution to convey this file from 7th to 6th there is international support to close all these files and look forward to a bright future between the two countries and to focus on talks on the future of joint ventures and cooperation.

The compensation file

And financial compensation from Iraq following the invasion of the deposed regime of Kuwait, Zebari said: all files will be closed except the Kuwaiti compensation of about $11 billion and possible to close this file, it is not, however, Iraq and Kuwait, the Security Council,

however, wenstia to say that we are practically out of the provisions of Chapter VII and we got rid of our laudable end of all these commitments that came as a result of wars and the adventures of the former regime.

Iraq must pay 5 percent of its oil revenues to Kuwait, the United Nations as compensation for damage to Kuwait for the invasion of the deposed regime of Kuwait for the period from August 1990 to February 1991,

said Kuwaiti Foreign Minister Khaled Al-Hamad Al-Sabah: I am happy when I am in Baghdad within the delegation of Prime Minister Khaled Mubarak Al-Sabah's visit to Iraq came as visits to complement lziara

The previous high level between the two countries last year and the first half of this year and we hope to update for future visits and the Iraqi Foreign Minister also noted that the move to overcome outstanding issues between the two countries to a better future and we completed our visit to Kuwait, Zebari on last May 27 what is required of us to two countries with regard to commitments and signing resolutions of 833 on the formation of a Committee to maintain physical and appointment today go Kuwait and Iraq together delegates for the Secretary-General to present the agreement and check-in United.

Report (Moon)

With UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon in his report, which was read at a meeting of the Security Council held on Tuesday, the UN Security Council to put an end to the threat of sanctions still threatens Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990, because of the improved relations between the two countries and Iraq awaits eagerly over Kuwait after a Security Council meeting on Thursday, which will be presented by the Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon's report on the development of relations between the two countries and outstanding issues under which the sanctions can be lifted International Iraq. anticipating Mun Security Council recommendation to eject Iraq from last chapter VII after fulfilling its international obligations towards Kuwait.

After Exit

It will be Iraq after leaving the provisions of this chapter and the ensuing international sanctions is not obliged to deposit its oil revenues in a Fund (PDF) the Development Fund for Iraq, as well as his money abroad. the US President Barack Obama, approved on 11 June the current immunity to funds and Iraqi funds deposited overseas.

with the Iraqi Central Bank announced the same day the agreement with the United States to extend aLegal immunity for Iraqi money. It not only includes the ability to manage and protect their own efforts but will return to normal in the international community in terms of processing, in particular the health and manufacturing, particularly military weapons light, medium and heavy, but internationally prohibited. where Iraq is prohibited under international sanctions until the importation of [the pencil], only through the United Nations, as well as sanitary equipment. as to any country under Chapter VII as Iraq possible interference by the Council Security, as American troops entered Iraq in 2003.

He promised observers in case of exit of Iraq from Chapter VII historic diplomatic success scoring despite internal crises and the region of events affecting the political stability and security as well as economic.