Differences between the seventh and sixth chapters of the Charter of the United Nations



06/26/2013 06:26

Identified with the UN Security Council on Thursday as the date for a vote to remove Iraq from Chapter VII and the sixth entry in, there is a wholesale big differences between chapters must be analyzed.

May be the most important differences between the seventh and sixth chapters is that the first is mandatory, but II do not exceed a mere recommendations.

And Atanon Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations "in taking work in cases of threats, breaches of the peace and acts of aggression," as evidenced by this title that he is talking about the right procedural steps taken by the Council to ensure the return of peace and security to areas of conflict.

While the title of Chapter VI "in the peaceful resolution of disputes," This shows that Chapter VI regard to peaceful means used to resolve disputes and issues related to the threat of peace.

And imposes Chapter VI on the parties to the conflict Find peaceful solutions to ensure an end to this conflict with the retention of the Council to look into the case and may recommend as it deems appropriate to resolve this issue and has to impose what it deems appropriate solutions to this conflict, taking into account the steps that have been taken from the parties to the conflict access to resolve the crisis.

This chapter consists of six articles all talk about peaceful solutions and proposals which the Council is entitled to report to end the conflict this chapter does not provide procedural steps to resolve the dispute, but leave it open to proposals and recommendations and decisions of the Council to resolve the dispute peacefully.

The Chapter VII, it consists of thirteen material speaks three articles first for the eligibility of the Council to decide what it deems appropriate to resolve the dispute and compel the parties to the implementation of these decisions, including economic measures, transportation and severance of diplomatic relations, while speaking the following articles from taking military action as necessary to save the peace and return it by the military forces of the United Nations membership.

Accordingly, it is clear there is no force to deter a subsidiary of the Security Council, but Member States undertake to put at the disposal of the Council the necessary military forces, assistance, and facilities necessary to resolve the conflict and all according to agreements with the Council be completed to ensure the implementation of decisions of the Council and provided by the participating countries according to their respective constitutional processes shall not be a non-member state in the Council obliged to participate in the provision of these facilities.

The Security Council puts plans for these forces with the assistance of the Military Staff Committee.

And is entitled under this chapter for the Security Council to take the decision to intervene military action against any country, whether a member of the United Nations or not and so preserve peace and prevent any aggression.

But this does not mean that Chapter VII is dedicated to the use of military force but also starts the option of sanctions that have failed to restore peace in the Council had the right to resort to the use of force against the aggressor to restore peace and stop the aggression.

The following is the text of chapters:

Chapter VII: take of business in cases of threats, breaches of the peace and acts of aggression

Article 39

The Security Council decides whether he had signed a threat to the peace, breach of, or was what happened deed, acts of aggression, and offers its recommendations, or decide what measures in accordance with the provisions of Articles 41 and 42 to save international peace and security or returned to redress.

Article 40

To prevent the aggravation of the situation, the Security Council, before submitting its recommendations or take the measures set forth in Article 39, that calls for the disputants to take as it deems necessary or desirable of provisional measures, without prejudice to these interim measures rights litigants and their demands or their status, and the Security Council should be calculated for non- Taking disputing these interim measures calculated.

Article 41

The Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of the armed forces to implement its decisions, it may call upon the members of the "United Nations" the application of these measures, and may be, including interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of transportation The complete or partial and the severance of diplomatic relations.

Article 42

Should the Security Council consider that measures provided for in Article 41 would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea and land of business as may be necessary to maintain international peace and security or to return it to redress. And may be dealing with these actions include demonstrations, blockade, and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of Members of the "United Nations".

Article 43

1. Undertakes all members of the "United Nations" in order to contribute to the maintenance of peace and international security, to put at the disposal of the Security Council at his request and in accordance with the special agreement or agreements necessary armed forces, assistance and facilities necessary for the maintenance of peace and international security, including rights of passage.

2. Must specify that the agreement or the number of these agreements and types of forces, their degree of readiness and general location, and the nature of the facilities and assistance to be provided.

3 are bargaining in the agreement or agreements shall as soon as possible at the request of the Security Council, concluded between the Security Council and the members of the "United Nations" or between him and the groups of members of the "United Nations", and ratified by the signatory states in accordance with their respective constitutional processes.

Article 44

If the Security Council decided to use force it shall, before calling upon a Member not represented on it to provide armed forces in fulfillment of the obligations set forth in Article 43, it should invite that Member to be involved if he wants in the decisions that Security Council concerning the employment of contingents of troops this member armed forces.

Article 45

In order to enable the United Nations to take urgent military measures, Members shall civil air units can be used immediately for combined international enforcement action. The Security Council determines the powers of these units and their degree of readiness and plans for their combined, with the assistance of the Military Staff Committee within the limits laid down in the special agreement or agreements referred to in Article 43.

Article 46

Plans for the use of armed force shall be made by the Security Council with the assistance of the Military Staff Committee.

Article 47

1. A committee of the pillars of the war whose mission would be to advise and aid to the Security Council and cooperation in all matters relating to the military needs necessary for the maintenance of peace and international security and to use the forces at his disposal and its leadership, and the regulation of armaments and disarmament to the extent possible.

2. Constitute a Military Staff Committee of the Chiefs of Staff of the permanent members of the Security Council or those acting for them, and the Committee may invite any member of the "United Nations" of members is permanently represented to oversee the work, if necessary Hassan the Committee's responsibilities to contribute to this Member in its work.

3. The Military Staff Committee shall be responsible under the Security Council for the strategic direction of any armed forces placed at the disposal of the Council. The issues associated with this led forces shall be worked out later.

4 of the Military Staff Committee to establish a regional sub-committees the authorization of the Security Council and after consultation with appropriate regional agencies, stakeholders.

Article 48

1. Actions necessary to implement the resolutions of the Security Council for the maintenance of international peace and security, carried out by all members of the "United Nations" or some of them, as determined by the Board.

2. The members of the "United Nations" to implement the decisions directly and through their action in the appropriate international agencies of which they are members.

Article 49

Article continues