When the insurgents launched their summer offensive in June 2014 the Iraqi authorities stopped reporting on their casualties. Huge losses were likely incurred with no real accounting for them. Today official disclosures are still shoddy. An improvised explosive device or a small shootout likely results in some figures on the dead and wounded for the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF), militias, tribes, or Kurdish forces, but there is usually silence after major confrontations. A perfect example of this trend was shown when the Peshmerga Ministry recently announced losses from June 2014 to the start of February 2015, which were far off from figures in the press.

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